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1912 January The Deutsch-Soziale Reformpartei wins only three seats in the German parliament. (Roots)
1912 January 12 Hermann Pohl writes a manifesto for the "loyal lodges" of the Germanenorden, which stresses his desire for a fervent, rather than numerous, following, which would usher in an "Aryan-Germanic religious revival" stressing obedience and devotion to the cause of a pan-German "Armanist Empire" (Armanenreich) and the rebirth of a racially pure German nation, in which the "parasitic and revolutionary mob-races" (Jews, anarchist crossbreeds and gypsies) would be deported. (Bundesarchiv, Koblenz; Roots)
1912 Austrian DAP headquarters in Vienna are located in the same district where Adolf Hitler has his apartment. (Unknown Nazis)
1912 February Karl August Hellwig , a retired colonel and follower of Guido von List living in Kassel, drafts a constitution for the future Reichshammerbund. This document sets up a council of twelve members called the Armanen-Rat. (Bundesarchiv, Koblenz; Roots)
1912 March Theodor Fritsch, recalling the weakness of the earlier antisemitic political parties, demands a new antisemitic organization "above the parties." (Hammer #11; Roots)
1912 March 12 The Grand Lodge, founded on April 5, 1911, adopts the name Germanenorden upon the suggestion of Theodor Fritsch. (Roots)
1912 Heinrich Class, the antisemitic chairman of the Alldeutscher Verband (Pan-German League), publishes Wenn ich der Kaiser wär! (If I was Kaiser!), appealing for the establishment of a dictatorship, the suspension of parliament, and denouncing the Jews. (Roots)
1912 April Theodor Fritsch writes a set of guidelines for the Reichshammerbund which urges collaboration with Catholics and a coordinated propaganda campaign amongst workers, farmers, teachers, civil servants, military officers and university students. (Roots)
1912 May 24-25 Theodor Fritsch, twenty prominent Pan-Germans, antisemites, and disciples of Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels and Guido von List found two groups to indoctrinate German society. Karl August Hellwig, a List Society member since 1908, now heads the Reichshammerbund, which has grown into a confederation of all existing Hammer groups. Hermann Pohl, from Magdeburg, becomes head of the Germanenorden, a secret twin-organization. (see photo, Bundesarchiv, Koblenz)
1912 July Hermann Pohl publishes the first Germanenorden newsletter, which records that lodges have been ceremonially established at Breslau, Dresden and Königsberg that spring. Lodges in Berlin and Hamburg are already active prior to this time. Brothers in Bromberg, Nuremberg, Thuringia and Düsseldorf, he writes, are still recruiting and plan to found new lodges in the near future. (Bundesarchiv; Roots)
1912 October 4 Theodore Roosevelt is shot by an assassin in Milwaukee, but insists on giving his speech before being taken to the hospital.
1912 November 5 Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the U.S., defeating the Republican incumbent, William Howard Taft, and Theodore Roosevelt who has split the Republican vote by running on the independent Bull Moose ticket.
1912 December The Germanenorden newsletter claims 316 members in six major German cities have already joined the new organization: 99 in Breslau, 100 in Dresden, 42 in Königsberg, Hamburg 27, Berlin 30, and 18 in Hanover. (Bundesarchiv, Koblenz; Roots)
1912 Philipp Stauff moves to Berlin where he soon publishes a directory of Pan-German and antisemitic groups entitled Das deutsche Wehrbuch (German Defense Book) for Heinrich Kraeger, who with Alfred Brunner, will found the Deutsch-Sozialistische Partei in 1918. (Between 1912 and 1914, Stauff will publish Semi-Gotha and Semi-Alliancen, genealogical handbooks which purport to identify Jews amongst the German aristocracy. These and his other writings soon involve Stauff in a number of on-going legal suits.) (Roots)
1912 American Indian, Jim Thorpe, wins both the decathlon and the pentathlon at the Olympic Games in Stockholm. George S. Patton places fifth in the pentathlon.
1912 Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili takes the alias "Stalin" from the Russian word "stal" (steel). Between 1902 and 1912, Stalin had been arrested many times, but escaped repeatedly to continue working as a Bolshevik organizer. To obtain funds for the Bolsheviks, he staged a number of robberies.
1912 Lenin rewards Stalin by naming him to the Bolshevik Central Committee. From there, Stalin rapidly gains influence and power among the Bolsheviks and becomes the first editor of Pravda, the party newspaper.
1912 David Mitford, Lord Redesdale, the father of Unity Mitford, names his family property in Canada: Swastika. His father, Bertram Mitford, had not only written the introduction to Houston Stewart Chamberlain's famous book, The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, but was also a close, personal friend of the Wagner family. Richard Wagner's son, Siegfried, kept a photo of Bertram Mitford on his desk until his death. (The House of Mitford)
1912 Levick Kaganovich and his family move to the U.S. Levick had been like a father to Lazar Kaganovich. His son, Morris, was Lazar's best friend.
1912 Lazar Kaganovich joins the Bolshevik party in Mozyr and is designated as a party organizer.
1912 Johannes Baum founds the New Thought publishing house. Although initially concerned with translations of American material, this firm will play a vital role in German esoteric publishing during the 1920s. (Spirits in Rebellion; Roots)
1912 Phillip Stauff becomes a committee member of the List Society and a generous patron. (Roots)
1912 A U.S. federal committee investigates J.P. Morgan and his various business operations. Many believe that his mergers and consolidations have created unfair monopolies and developed restrictive trade practices.
1912 Archduke Otto von Habsburg is born.
1912 Rudolf Steiner breaks with the Theosophists and soon founds the Anthroposophical Society.
1912 The British luxury liner Titanic sinks after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage, 1517 die, only 706 manage to survive.
1912 China becomes a republic.
1912 Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Montenegro form the Balkan League for protection against their longtime common adversary--Ottoman Turkey.
1912 The Balkan League makes war on Turkey, successfully ousting the Turks from the Balkans during what is called the First Balkan War.
1912 Benito Mussolini becomes editor of the Milan-based, Socialist party newspaper Avanti!
1912 Colonel Edward Mandell House publishes Philip Dru, Administrator, a book who's hero seizes the government of the United States with the backing of a secret cartel of rich and powerful financiers. Dru describes his new government as "...Socialism as dreamed of by Karl Marx," and begins to adopt several key Marxist programs such as a graduated income tax and a graduated inheritance tax. He also prohibits the "selling of ... anything of value," just as described by Marx. Colonel House will later become President Woodrow Wilson's top personal advisor.