SELECTED BIOGRAPHIES - F
FEDER, GOTTFRIED (1883-1941) Leading ideologist and co-founder of the DAP. Feder drafted the first Nazi party program, but his influence waned during the early 1930s.
FLICK, FRIEDRICH (1883-1972) Industrial tycoon and strong promoter of the Nazi movement. Flick became one of the most prominant entrepreneurs during the Third Reich. He was sentenced to seven years in prison in 1949, but was released in 1951. Flick was considered postwar Germany's richest man, but stubbornly refused to pay his former slaves and forced laborers any compensation.
FORD, HENRY (1863-1947) American industrialist and founder of the Ford Motor Company. In 1920 Ford published "The International Jew" a strongly antisemitic book that became one of Hitler's major sources of inspiration. During the early 1930s, Ford was a vigorous supporter of Hitler and the Nazi movement. Later, he publicly apologized to the Jewish people after being threatened with a worldwide Jewish boycott.
FRANK, HANS (1900-1946) Hitler's personal attorney during the 1920s and also attorney for NSDAP. Appointed "Reich Law Leader" in 1933. Frank became governor- general of Poland shortly after beginning of the war and became notorious because of his ruthlessness and brutality against the civilian population. Sentenced to death and executed at Nuremberg in 1946.
FRANKFURTER, FELIX (1882-1965) Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States nominated by President Roosevelt in 1939 to succeed Justice Benjamin Cardozo. Frankfurter was one of Roosevelts closest friends and advisers as shown by the large volume of their correspondence now available. Born in Austria, Frankfurter came to the U.S. in 1894 and graduated from Harvard in 1906. In 1914, he joined the faculty of the Harvard Law School and remained there until 1939. At the Paris Peace Conference after the First World War, he, as the representative of Dr. Chaim Weizmann, negotiated the Zionist-Arab agreement with Lawrence of Arabia as the representative of King Faisal. Frankfurter resigned from the Supreme Court in 1962 for reasons of health. (Freedman)
FRICK, WILHELM (1877-1946) Frick became director of the Munich political police in 1919 and although not officially a party member became one of Hitler's closest political advisors. Frick strongly supported Hitler through his position in police headquarters and in 1924, was dismissed because of his actions during the Munich "Putsch". In 1930, Frick became interior minister of Thuringia, Reich interior minister in 1933, and Reich protector of Bohemia and Moravia in 1943. Sentenced to death at Nuremberg and executed in 1946.
FRITSCH, THEODOR (1852-1934) Radical antisemitic writer and mystic who has been called "the most influential German anti-Semite before Hitler." Fritsch's racist writings greatly influenced Hitler from an early age. Fritsch's most popular and influential book Handbuch der Judenfrage (Handbook of the Jewish Question) went through dozens of printings, and after Hitler came to power, it became officially sanctioned reading in the schools of Germany.
FUNK, WALTER (1890-1960) Journalist for the "Berlin Stock Exchange Journal" and Reich economic minister from 1937-1945. Succeeded Hjalmar Schacht as President of the Reichsbank in 1939, a position he held until the end of the war. Funk was sentenced to life imprisonment at Nuremberg in 1946, but was release in 1958 for reasons of health.