SELECTED BIOGRAPHIES - N
NAUJOCKS, ALFRED (1911-19??) SS Sturmbannfuehrer, secret-service veteran and member of the SD since its founding in 1934 who is believed to have organized the "faked attack" on the German radio station at Gleiwitz on the German-Polish border on the night of August 31, 1939. After surrendering to the Americans in late 1944, he signed a sworn affidavit at Nuremberg on November 20, 1945, saying he had been given his orders personally by Heydrich and was accompanied during his mission by Heinrich Mueller. Shortly after signing his affidavit, he mysteriously disappeared and has never been seen again; although rumors of his activities surfaced from time to time until the late 1980's.
NEBE, ARTHUR (1894-19??) SS General and head the criminal police (KRIPO) from 1933 to 1945. Nebe was a professional policeman who had already reached the rank of Police Commissioner by 1924. Even before Hitler came to power, he had close connections to the SS group led by Kurt Daluege, and in April 1933, was recommended by Daluege for the position of Chief Executive of the State Police. Nebe quickly set about reorganizing the criminal police in the Third Reich and played a major role in establishing the totalitarian police system. In June 1941, he was given command of Einsatzgruppe B, which was headquartered in Minsk, and during the next five months, was responsible for 46,000 executions in White Russia. Nebe disappeared in early 1945, and according to official records was executed in Berlin on March 21, 1945. Yet, several sightings and rumors of his activities continued into the late 1960's. Shortly after the war an amateur film showing a gas chamber supplied with gas from the exhaust of a truck was allegedly found in his former Berlin apartment. (Wistrich II)
NEURATH, KONSTANTIN von (1873-1956) German Foreign Minister from 1932 to February 4, 1938. Joined the Nazi party in 1937 and became Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia on March 18, 1939. Summoned to Berlin on September 23, 1941, and soon afterwards was replaced by Heydrich. He was officially succeeded by Wilhelm Frick on August 25, 1943. Sentenced at Nuremberg to fifteen years imprisonment for war crimes in 1946, but was released after serving eight years.
NILIUS, SERGEI (1862-1930) Russian scholar, religious mystic and employee of the secret police who published several early editions of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. In 1905 Nilius published the Protocols as an appendix to the second edition of his work The Great in the Small, or the Advent of the Antichrist and the Approaching Rule of the Devil on Earth (first ed., 1901). He later published three revised editions (1911, 1912 and 1917). (Segel/Levy)