SELECTED BIOGRAPHIES - S
SCHACHT, DR. HALJMAR (1877-1970) Financial wizard of the Third Reich who was President of the Reichsbank until 1939 and Minister without Portfolio until January 1943. Schacht was acquitted at Nuremberg in 1946 despite protests by the Soviet judge.
SCHAUB, JULIUS (1898-unknown) Hitler's close companion and driver from 1922. Later Hitler's personal aide with rank of SS lieutenant general. Said to have personally destroyed Hitler's secret files in 1945.
SCHEUBNER-RICHTER, MAX ERWIN von (1884-1923). Former czarist officer. Leading position in Russian emigre organizations. NSDAP member. 1920. Hitler's important money supplier. Killed during the 1923 Munich putsch.
SCHELLENBERG, WALTER (1910-1952) Supreme head of the espionage services in the Third Reich and Himmler's right-hand man towards the end of the war. Spoke English and French fluently and was somehow associated with the Ahnenerbe.
SCHIRACH. BALDUR von (1907-1974). Joined the NSDAP as college student. Reich youth leader and chief of the Hitler Youth, 1933-1940. Reich governor of Vienna, 1940-45. Sentenced to 20 years Imprisonment at Nuernberg trials, released in 1966.
SCHLEICHER. KURT von (1882-1934) Career officer. General. Reichswehr minister, June 1932 From Dccember 1932 until the end of January 1933, last chancellor of the Weimar Rcpublic. Tried to stabilize political situation through limited military dictatorshiDI which Hindenburg rejected. On June 30, 1934, shot and killed in his Berlin apartment by an SS detail.
SCHRECK, JULIUS (1891-1936) Hitler's favorite driver and party member from 1921. Died in traffic accident in 1936. Occassionally acted as Hitler's double because of their resemblance.
SCHÖNERER (SCHOENERER), GEORG RITTER von (18??-1921) Austrian politician, leader of the racialist Pan-German movement. Said to be a proto-Nazi, he was greatly admired by Hitler. Schoenerer repudiated the Habsburg (Hapsburg) emperors and the Catholic Church, while working for the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and union (Anschluss) of the German Austrians with the German Reich of Wilhelm II.
SCHRÖDER (SCHROEDER), KURT FREIHERR von (1884-1965) Banker and president of Cologne Chamber of Industry and Commerce. Arranged meeting between Hitler and Papen that led to Schleicher's ouster. SS honorary brigadier general.
SCHWARZ, FRANZ XAVER (1875-1947) One of the "Old Fighters" and a party member from its earliest days. Nazi party treasurer, 1925. Reich director, 1935. Died in an Allied internment camp in 1947.
SEISSER. HANS RITTER von (1875-??) Chief of the Bavarian State Police, 1923. One of the leading members of junta under Kahr. Emigrated abroad in 1933.
SEMPER, GOTTFRIED (1803-1879). Architect, art theoretician, and creator of the Dresden Opera. Highly regarded by Hitler.
SIEVERS, WOLFRAM (??-1946) S.S. Colonel and General Manager of the Ahnenerbe (The Society for the Study of Ancerstral Heritage). Executed at Nuremburg. Before his hanging, Sievers asked permission to be allowed for the last time to celebrate his SS religious rites and say mysterious prayers to his god. Frederick Hielscher escourted Sievers to the gallows and there they conducted the secret rites in private. (Pauwels)
SPEER, ALBERT (1905-1981). Joined the party in 1932, and became Hitler's favorite architect in 1933. Speer was given the prestigious assignment of drawing up new urban development plans for Berlin. Reich minister of armament and production, 1942-1945. Tried at Nuremberg on charges of using slave laborers and sentenced to 20 years in prison. Released in 1966.
STALIN, JOSEPH VISSARIONOVICH (JOSEF DZHUGASHVILI) (1879-1953) Russian revolutionary leader who replaced Lenin to become Premier of the Soviet Union (USSR), and virtual dictator, from 1924 until his death in 1953. Stalin, the son of a humble Georgian cobbler, joined the Social-Democratic party while a seminary student and soon became a professional revolutionary. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1903, and in 1912, was named by Lenin to the Bolshevik Central Committee. Stalin advanced in the Communist party through the use of shrewd and ruthless methods until he controlled both the party and the Soviet government. His power reached its greatest heights during World War II. After his death, Stalin's body was placed next to Lenin's in the Kremlin. In 1956, at the 20th Communist Party Congress, Soviet Head of State Nekita S. Khrushchev denounced Stalin's tyranny. This so-called "de-Stalinization" campaign was halted following a November, 1956, revolt in Communist-dominated Hungary. Soviet leaders began to believe that Stalin's harsh methods were necessary in order to maintain their power, both at home, and in other countries.
STAUFFENBURG, COLONEL CLAUS SCHENK GRAF von (1907-1944) Leader of the group of army officers who attempted to assassinate Hitler and take over the German government on 20 July 1944.
STETTINIUS, Jr., EDWARD R. (1900-1949) Industrialist and president of U.S. Steel who became chairman of the War Resources board (1939-1940). Lend Lease Administrator 1941- 1943; Secretary of State 1944-1945.
STETTINIUS, Sr., EDWARD R. (18??-19??) Partner in J.P. Morgan and Company who as a government administrator is said to have been responsible for spending more money than any man in history.
STRASSER GREGOR (1892-1934). Leader of the social revolutionary wing of the NSDAP. Hitler's most dangerous rival inside the party. Resigned all offices in 1932 and thus made Hitler "acceptable" to capltalism. Murdered on Hitler's orders by SS on June 30, 1934.
STRASSER, OTTO (1897-1974). Gregor's younger brother. Journalist. Initially, independent Social Democrat, then, together with Gregor leader of the "left" wing of the NSDAP. He also published several newspapers outside the Eher Syndicate. Broke with Hitler in 1931 and founded his own party of "revolutionary national socialists." Fled to Prague in 1933 and later, via Switzerland and Portugal, to Canada. Returned to West Germany in 1955 as a private citizen.
STREICHER, JULIUS (1885-1946). One of Hitler's earliest comrades-in-arms. Provincial party boss of Franconia, owner and publisher pubIisher of the hate-sheet, "Der Sturmer (Hotspur)." Stricher was the most rabid and pornographic propagandist of "demonic" antisemitism. In 1940, he was relieved of all offices, but remained publisher of "Der Sturmer." Sentenced to death and executed at Nuremberg in 1946.
STROOP, JURGEN (1895-1951) SS major general responsible for the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto in 1943, who later that year, as Higher SS and Police Leader in Greece, supervised the deportation of thousands of Jews from Salonika. Sentenced to death and executed in Poland in 1951.