GANSSER, EMIL (1874-1941) Siemens manager and NSDAP member from 1921. Gansser introduced Hitler to the National Club in Berlin and several times procured money for Hitler in Switzerland.
GEORGE, DAVID LLOYD See Lloyd George, David.
GLOBOCNIK, ODILO (1904-1945) Born in Trieste and trained as engineer. Became SS major general in Poland in 1942. Established the extermination camps of Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka and Majdanek as chief of Operation Reinhard (1942-1943). In addition, he established the San Sabba concentration camp and killing center in Trieste as Higher SS and Police Leader for the Adriatic Coast (1943-1945). Arrested by Allied troops in Austria, committed suicide in May 1945.
GOEBBELS, JOSEPH (1897-1945) Germany's chief propagandist and cultural "czar". Joined the NSDAP in 1924. Initially was one of Hitler's opponents, but became an ardent admirer after 1926. Goebbels became party provincial chief of Berlin-Brandenburg in 1926, Reich propaganda director of the NSDAP in 1929 and Reich propaganda minister in 1933. Goebbels controlled the German movie industry and the ideological orientation of the press. In 1944, he was appointed general deputy for the "total war" effort and, in effect, Hitler's sub-dictator. Goebbels, together with his wife, took his own life and those of his six children on May 1, 1945.
GOLDMAN, EMMA (1869-1940) Born in Kovno, Russia, Emma Goldman came to the United States in 1886 and settled in Rochester, N.Y. After an exhausting factory job and an unhappy marriage ending in divorce, she resettled in New York City and became active in anarchist circles. A champion of women's rights, she fought for birth-control methods with Margaret Sanger and wrote a great number of articles, traveled widely on behalf of the anarchist movement, was deported to Russia with Alexander Berkman, and later made her way back to the U.S. She spent her later years in England, Canada, and Spain, agitating, and sometimes enduring imprisonment.
GÖRING (GOERING), EMMY (1893-1973) Hermann Goering's second wife (1935). An actress, who used the stage-name Emmy Sonnemann, she became practically the "first lady" of the Third Reich. Sentenced to one year in a labor camp and five years performance ban. Thirty percent of her private assets were seized after the war.
GÖRING (GOERING), HERMANN WILHELM (1893-1946) Goering founder of the Gestapo was born in Rosenheim, Bavaria. During WWI, he became a highly decorated fighter pilot and commander of the famous Richthofen Wing. Joined Adolf Hitler in Munich in 1922. Participated in the 1923 Munich Putsch and fled abroad for four years. Earned living as a representative of several Swedish armament firms. Returned to Germany and was elected president of the Reichstag in 1931; Prussian prime minister in 1934. Later became minister of aviation, chief of secret police, field marshal, and marshal of the Reich. He was designated as Hitler's successor in 1939. During World War II, Goering was virtual dictator of the German economy and responsible for Germany's total air war. On 31 July, 1941, Goering wrote to Reinhard Heydrich directly authorizing him to organize the "Final Solution." Goering was sentenced to death for war crimes in September 1946, but committed suicide less than two hours before his execution on October 15, 1946.
GRAF, ULRICH (1878-19??) Charter member of the DAP and the NSDAP. Hitler's personal bodyguard 1920-1923. Member of the Reichsatag, 1936. Honorary S.S. brigadier general. Date of death unknown.
GRYNSZPAN, HIRSHEL (born 1921) Seventeen-year-old Polish Jew, born in
Hanover, Germany, who shot Ernst von Rath, the legation secretary at the German Embassy in
Paris, on November 7, 1938. Von Rath died on November 9, 1938, and the Germans quickly
exploited his assassination to launch Kristallnacht, the notorious "Night of Broken
Glass" pogrom. Most historians agree that the pogrom had actually been planned well in
advance, probably to coincide with the annual Blutzeuge celebrations. (Note: Ernst Von Rath
was a known anti-Nazi, already under surveillance by the Gestapo. Grynszpan was charged with
murder, but never tried, and was handed over to the Germans after the collapse of France in June
1940. A show trial was planned for May 1942, but was abruptly cancelled after rumors and an
anonymous letter surfaced which claimed that von Rath had engaged in a protracted, homosexual
relationship with Grynszpan. Instead of being sent to Auschwitz, Grynszpan was kept alive first in
Sachsenhausen and then at Moabit prison in Berlin. In 1957 it was revealed that he was still alive
and living under a false name in Paris. His father also survived and gave evidence at the Eichmann
trial in Jerusalem in 1961.)
GÜNTHER (GUENTHER), HANS (1891-1968) Social anthropologist and leading ideologist of Nazi racialism. His many books sold hundreds of thousands of copies in Germany and continued the work of earlier racial theorists such as Arthur de Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain. His Short Ethnology of the German People sold more than 270,000 copies between 1929 and 1943 and established new criteria for defining the racial Rassengemisch (racial mixture) in which the "physical and spiritual hereditary endowments of non-European peoples are predominant." Guenther depicted the Nordic race as the great creative force in history whose threatened mongrelization would endanger the future civilization unless its ranks were eugenically purged of all disintegrating influences. Foremost of these were the "non-European Jews, a mixture of Asiatic and Oriental stock, responsible for such decomposing ideas as liberalism, democracy and socialism.." These pseudo-scientific race theories were used by the Nazis to justify the Nuremberg Laws and other legislation aimed at "strengthening" the German race. (Wistrich II)
GÜRTNER (GUERTNER), FRANZ (1881-1941) Bavarian Minister of Justice from 1922 to 1932. After the Munich putsch, Guertner actively advocated a pro-Nazi atmosphere during Hitler's trial in People's Court (1924) and was largely responsible for Hitler receiving such a lenient sentence. It was also Guertner who arranged for Hitler's early release from prison and later persuaded the Bavarian government to lift the ban on the NSDAP, allowing Hitler to once again speak in public. Guertner served as Reich Minister of Justice from 1932 until his death in 1941.
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