OBERG, KARL (1897-1965) Supreme Head of the SS and Police in occupied France from 1942 to 1945. Arrested by American military police in June 1945, Oberg was sentenced to death by courts in both Germany and France before being pardoned by French President Charles de Gaulle in 1965.
OHLENDORF, OTTO (1908-1951) Highly educated lawyer, economist, and head of Amt III (Security Service) of the Reich Main Security Office. As Commander of Einsatzgruppe D he was responsible for organizing the mass murders of more than 90,000 people in the southern Ukraine (1941-42). Sentenced to death at Nuremberg in 1948, he served three years imprisonment before being hanged with three other Einsatzgruppen commanders, in Landsberg prison on June 8, 1951.
OSTER, HANS (1888-1945) Chief of Staff to Admiral Canaris at the Abwehr. Said to have been a staunch anti-Nazi, Oster passed on warnings to the Allies of German plans for aggression against Holland, Belgium and Denmark in 1939-40. Later became a central organizer of the German resistance. Dismissed from the Abwehr in April 1943. Arrested following the failed attempt on Hitler's life in July 1944. Executed at Flossenburg concentration camp in April, 1945. (Edelheit)
OUMANSKY, CONSTANTIN (1902-1945) Soviet diplomat and Ambassador to the U.S. 1939-1941. He was replaced by former Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov.
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