THORAK, JOSEF (1889-1952). Said to have been Hitler's favorite sculptor. He specialized in heroic male figures and creating colossal sculptures. Acquitted of all crimes during denazification.
THYSSEN, FRITZ (1873-1951). Germany's leading industrial tycoon and a partner of Averell Harriman who supported Hitler financially for 13 years, beginning in October 1923. Thyssen had a falling-out with Hitler in 1936 and fled to France in 1939. Thyssen told the American OSS in 1940 that he had seen Austrian documents proving that Adolf Hitler was the illegitimate grandson of Baron Rothschild of Vienna, and that these documents were responsible for the assassination of Dollfuss in Austria, who had originally compiled them. Thyssen's story was later confirmed by Hansjurgen Koehler, but is now dismissed by most historians. Thyssen was extradited to Germany by the Vichy government in 1941, and survived several concentration camps. After the war, he emigrated to Argentina.
TREBITSCH-LINCOLN See Moses Pinkeles.
TROOST, PAUL LUDWIG (1878-1934). Said to be Hitler's favorite architect. His neoclassicist style for a while became the official building style of the Third Reich. Troost remodeled the Brown House according to Hitler's designs and later designed the House of Art in Munich.
TROTSKY, LEON (LEV DAVIDOVICH BRONSTEIN) (1879-1940) Leader of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia (1917); second in power only to Lenin. Trotsky became the first Soviet Commissar of Foreign Affairs, and as Commissar of War, founded the Red Army. After Lenin's death, Trotsky lost the leadership to Joseph Stalin and was later exiled. He then waged a bitter war of words with Stalin from abroad until his murder in Mexico by an agent of Stalin's secret police.
TUCHMAN, BARBARA Noted historian and author of numerous books including The Guns of August and The Zimmerman Telegram. She was the daughter of Maurice Wertheim and the grand daughter of Henry Mongenthau, Sr.
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